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Inhibition of β-catenin-mediated transactivation by flavanone in AGS gastric cancer cells

Authors
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
331
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.03.242
Keywords
  • β-Catenin/Tcf Signaling
  • Flavanone
  • Nuclear β-Catenin
  • Mechanism

Abstract

Abstract Recently, data which prove that Wnt pathway activation may be an early event in multistep carcinogenesis in the stomach have been accumulating. We examined the effect of flavanone against β-catenin/Tcf signaling in AGS gastric cancer cells. Reporter gene assay showed that flavanone inhibited β-catenin/Tcf signaling efficiently. In addition, the inhibition of β-catenin/Tcf signaling by flavanone in HEK293 cells transiently transfected with constitutively mutant β-catenin gene, whose product is not phosphorylated by GSK3β, indicates that its inhibitory mechanism was related to β-catenin itself or downstream components. To investigate the precise inhibitory mechanism, we performed immunofluorescence, Western blot, and EMSA. As a result, our data revealed that there is no change of β-catenin distribution and of nuclear β-catenin levels through flavanone. In addition, the binding of Tcf complexes to DNA is not influenced by flavanone. The β-catenin/Tcf transcriptional target gene cyclinD1 was downregulated by flavanone. These data suggest that flavanone inhibits the transcription of β-catenin/Tcf responsive genes, by modulating Tcf activity without disrupting β-catenin/Tcf complex formation.

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