Abstract The binding of membrane immunoglobulin (mIg) by anti-Ig anti-bodies is known to initiate a mitogenic signal in B lymphocytes. Because in many instances growth control appears to be correlated with phosphokinase activity, as well as with alterations in cytoskeletal architecture, we asked the question whether anti-bodies binding to mIg would also lead to the specific phosphorylation of lymphocyte actin-associated proteins. Utilizing a myosin affinity technique, we directly examined phosphoproteins that were associated with actin in the chicken B cell. We found that in a few instances the level of phosphorylation was indeed modulated by mIg:anti-Ig interactions. These actin-binding phosphoproteins may be important control elements in the lymphocyte cytoskeleton.