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In vitro dissolution kinetics of Captopril from microspheres manufactured by solvent evaporation

Dissolution Technologies
  • Rs Pharmacy And Materia Medica


The aim of this study was to develop and assess captopril-loaded microspheres in which Methocel and Eudragit RS were used as release-controlling factors and to evaluate captopril (CPT) release using kinetic models. Drug-excipient interactions were evaluated using infrared studies, and the physical appearance was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A burst effect was observed during the first stage of dissolution for most batches of microspheres. SEM results reveal that this may be attributed to dissolution of captopril crystals that were present on the surface, embedded in the superficial layer of the matrix materials, trapped near the surface of the microspheres, or that may have diffused rapidly through the porous surface of the capsules. The release data generated during in vitro release studies were fitted to zero-order, first-order, Higuchi, Korsmeyer–Peppas, Kopcha, and Makoid–Banakar models. The release kinetics of captopril from most formulations followed a classical Fickian diffusion mechanism. SEM photographs showed that diffusion took place through pores located in the surface of the microcapsules. The Kopcha model diffusion and erosion terms showed a predominance of diffusion relative to swelling or erosion throughout the entire test period. The drug release mechanism was also confirmed by the Makoid–Banakar and Korsmeyer–Peppas model exponents. This further supports a diffusion–release mechanism for most formulations. The models postulate that the total drug released is a summation of several mechanisms (viz., burst release, relaxation-induced controlled release, and diffusional release). These results also support the potential application of Eudragit/Methocel microspheres as a suitable sustained-release drug delivery system for captopril.

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