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Modification of isoflavones in soybean seeds via expression of multiple phenolic biosynthetic genes

Authors
Journal
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
0981-9428
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
47
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2009.05.006
Keywords
  • Soybean
  • Transformation
  • Multiple-Gene-Stacking
  • Isoflavones

Abstract

Abstract To modify the level and composition of isoflavones, the important bioactive constituents of soybean seeds, soybean was transformed via co-bombardment of embryogenic cultures with three DNA cassettes containing the CHS6-chalcone synthase and IFS2-isoflavone synthase genes, and a fragment of PAL5-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene, all in sense orientation under the lectin promoter mixed with the selectable marker gene, HPT ( hygromycin phosphotransferase) under the 35S promoter. Four of six fertile lines produced integrated all four genes. Isoflavone levels were lower in T1 mature seeds of 5 of the 6 lines compared to the control. Transgene segregation was found in one selected line, with formation of additional sublines with different transgene composition found also in the homozygous plants. Decreased isoflavone concentrations (by about 70%) were found in T4 homozygous seeds of the two lines studied in detail here. The embryo axes accumulated most of the glycitein and contained a higher isoflavone concentration than the cotyledons. Expression of transgenes driven by the lectin promoter reduced the isoflavone concentration only in the cotyledons and not in embryo axes, indicating that this promoter is preferably active in cotyledons.

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