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Sharing of Explicit Knowledge and Competitive Advantage

서울대학교 노사관계연구소
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Extant academic research on knowledge management has emphasized the importance of tacit knowledge as a source of sustainable competitive advantage, while played down the significance of sharing explicit knowledge among organizational members. Though tacit knowledge can be a source of competitive advantage a s i t is hard for competitors to copy the knowledge, it is very difficult for an organization to systematically manage the creation and diffusion of the knowledge within the organization due to the tacit-ness of the knowledge. In contrast, explicit knowledge can be systematically managed by organization and thus efficient management of explicit knowledge can be a source of competitive advantage, since the knowledge can be expressed by the form of written documents or visual materials such as a picture, figure, or diagram. This paper suggested the limitations of management of tacit knowledge, and explained reasons that sharing of explicit knowledge of organizational members can be a source of competitive advantage.

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