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Status and scope of research on pelagic fisheries of India

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  • Pelagic Fisheries
  • Biology
  • Ecology


Extensive and indiscriminate exploitation of marine natural resources, during the last three decades is leading to a situation where no more commercial fish stocks may be left in the sea by year 2050 unless ecosystems are protected and the biodiversity is revived, warns a new study cataloging the global collapse of marine ecosystems (Worm et al., 2006). The task of understanding the dynamics of large marine ecosystems to offer effective and relevant scientific advice to develop management interventions is a difficult, complex, expensive and lengthy process. This is especially true in the Indian context where the country has an EEZ of 2.02 million km2, which contributes nearly 40% of the total fish production from the Indian Ocean. Fishes have been mentioned in the ancient literature of India including the epics such as Ramayana and Mahabaratha. Excavations from Mohenjodaro and Harappa indicate that fishing with hooks and nets was common as back as 3000 B.C. and over the years fishing and fisheries in India have evolved at a rapid pace (Ayyappan et al., 2004). Marine fisheries is basically harnessing a natural resource and therefore its management must anchor on knowledge- based interventions generated through close monitoring of their distribution, abundance, exploitation, population dynamics and fluctuations of fish stocks in relation to natural factors and anthropogenic interventions. Against a scenario of an ever-increasing population and stagnant marine fish production in recent years, per capita seafood availability is a serious concern. The country

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