Industrial development finance institutions (IDFIs) in developing countries have been experiencing serious financial distress since the early 1970s due to persistent loan defaults. Despite the application of a number of remedial measures, industrial loan default problems continued to haunt the IDFIs. The massive loan loss has not only impaired the viability of many financial institutions, but also made them dependent on government bail-outs. The problem of persistent industrial loan default has become a most important and serious issue that has attracted the attention of bankers, financial market operators, international lending institutions such as the World Bank and policy makers in developing countries. Bangladesh is chosen as a case study because it is an interesting example of the persistent industrial loan default problem.