This study was instigated by the paucity of knowledge relating to the work of nurses employed by general practitioners in Australia and the phenomenal development of the practice nurse role in the United Kingdom. A mailed survey of general practitioners and practice nurses within one Division of General Practice in South-East Queensland, sought, among other things, their views about the current and potential contribution of nursing to general practice. Eighty-four out of 164 (51%) general practitioners and 37 out of 67 (55%) practice nurses responded to the survey. Results indicated that both general practitioners and practice nurses appreciated the value of nursing services in general practice and would sanction the employment of more nurses especially for the purpose of preventive care. The majority of nurses were agreeable to the notion that the nurse's role could, and should, be expanded to include autonomous functioning while most of the doctors were amenable to some extension of nursing practice but reticent or opposed to any independent interventions.