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Nanometric ultracapacitors fabricated using multilayer of conducting polymers on self-assembled octanethiol monolayers

Authors
Journal
Organic Electronics
1566-1199
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
14
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2013.03.010
Keywords
  • Alkanethiols
  • Conducting Polymers
  • Multilayered Films
  • Self-Assembled Monolayer
  • Ultracapacitors
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Symmetric ultracapacitors have been fabricated considering nanometric 3-layered films made of alternated layers of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (external and internal layers) and polypyrrole (intermediate layer) deposited on steel uncoated and coated with octanethiol self-assembled monolayer. The highest electrochemical and capacitance parameters (i.e. electroactivity, doping level, stored charge, specific capacitance, Coulomb efficiency, energy density and power density) correspond to the ultracapacitor derived from the assembly of 3-layered films deposited on pre-treated steel. Thus, the interface separating the octanethiol monolayer and the most internal layer of the 3-layered film produces a very favorable interaction, which promotes important electrochemical benefits similar to those found for the interfaces in conventional multilayered films. Moreover, the pre-treatment of the steel electrode enhances the roughness and porosity of the film deposited on it, transmitting this effect layer-by-layer. Structural and morphological characteristics, which have been characterized using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, have been related with the electrochemical and capacitance properties of the ultracapacitors.

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