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Jewelry and bronze scales, fibulae, iron weapons and tools, stone weights and objects, ivory and bone objects

Cuadernos de Arqueología Mediterránea
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THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE TOMB Background The architectural tradition of ashlar-built tombs reaches as far back as the built tombs from the Middle Bronze Age (MB) at Megiddo. The tombs of Megiddo display the main characteristics of chamber tombs in general (Gonen 1992: 1531, which include an entrance shaft and a burial chamber built of receding courses of irregular stones that gradually reduce the interna1 space of the tomb. This. the corbelled-vault style of tomb, appears also in the MB at Ugarit. However, there it is seen side by side with another style of chamber tomb built of ashlar stones as in Tombs LVI, LVII (Schaeffer 1939a: Fig. 49). It appears that the ashlar-built and corbelled-vault tombs exist together at Ugarit throughout the Middle and Late Bronze Ages (LB) (based on a personal correspondence with Sophie Marcheguy, a member of the French Ar- chaeological mission at Ugarit n-ho wrote a dissertation on the Ugarit tombs: see also, for example, the corbelled vault Tombs 103. 105 in Salles 1987: Figs. 28,33, and the asl~lar-built Tombs I, XXXI, L in Schaeffer 1939a: 91, Figs. 79-80. 87). Marcheguy believes that the ashlar-built tomb is a sign of a high social rank and should be associated with wealthy families. However, she finds differences in the architectural characteristics of the Ugarit ashlar-built tombs frorn the MB as they relate to those of the LB. According to her, the MB ashlar Toinb LVI at Ugarit has struc- tural errors, signs of construction incompetence that do not appear in the later ashlar toinbs of the LB. The stones of the LB ashlar-built tombs at Ugarit are of a rectangular shape, finely worked on all sides. They are laid in a precise manner. with each additional course of the long walls further protruding into the interior of the tomb; the gap left between the top courses of both long nralls is covered by stone slabs. The protruding corbels were then c~ l t and smoothed, giving the inner face of the nrall a uniform, elegant appearance. The

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