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Essential oils of leaves and rhizomes of Kaempferia galanga Linn.

University of Chittagong
  • Microbiology
  • Essential Oil
  • Gc-Ms Analysis
  • Linoleoyl Chloride
  • 2-Propenoic Acid
  • 3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-Ethyl Ester


Kaempferia galanga Linn. leaf and rhizome oils, obtained by hydrodistillation, were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). One hundred and eight components were identified in the leaf oil. The major components were linoleoyl chloride (21.42%), caryophyllene oxide (11.75%), cubenol (9.66%) and caryophyllene (5.60%). Eighty one components were identified in rhizome oil with the main components being 2-propenoic acid, 3-(4-methoxyphenyl),-ethyl ester (63.36%), ethyl cinnamate (6.31%), 4-cyclooctene -1-methanol (4.61%), caryophyllene oxide (4.37%) and limonene (3.22%). The compositions of both oils varied qualitatively and quantitatively. DOI: The Chittagong Univ. J. B. Sci.,Vol. 3(1&2):65-76, 2008

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