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THE EFFECTS OF THE SYLLABUS, METHODS AND TEACHING STYLES OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSES ON THE ACHIEVEMENTS AND ATTITUDES OF STUDENTS

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Keywords
  • P Philology. Linguistics
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Design
  • Education

Abstract

English is taught as a foreign language nearly in all higher education institutions in Turkey. Though the aim of teaching English is mainly based on communicational skills, it is rarely performed with innovative and technologically up to date methods. Many instructors find it easier to construct courses with a traditional style without using technological devices and materials. English lessons become rather boring and dull, and as a result of this, the achievement and attitudes of students decline. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of the syllabus, methods and teaching styles of foreign language courses on the achievements and attitudes of students. This research is an experimental study with a mixed group and an attitude test, open – ended questions survey model. The study was conducted on university students in the 2nd grade of the School of Health, Erzincan University. 21 male and 24 female students took part in this research. As the first step of the research the syllabus design, method and teaching style of the class was defined by an interview with the instructors of English courses. Then the opinions of students on English courses were obtained with a questionnaire using the Likert scale model. Based on statistical analyses of the questionnaires and evaluation of observations on the syllabus, methods and teaching style of the instructor, it was concluded that the achievements and attitudes of the students vary according to the syllabus design, method and teaching style of the class.

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