Abstract Infrared transmission spectra from 53 meteorites in the spectral range from 2.5 to 25 μm were measured to permit comparisons with data of astronomical objects that are potential meteorite sources. Data were taken for 14 carbonaceous chondrites, 5 LL ordinary chondrites, 6 L ordinary chondrites, 10 H ordinary chondrites, 1 enstatite chondrite, 4 aubrites, 3 eucrites, 4 howardites, 1 diogenite, 1 mesosiderite, 2 nakhlites, 1 shergottite, and the anomalous achondrite Angra dos Reis. The CO and CV carbonaceous chondrites have spectra similar to each other, with 10-μm features characteristic of olivine. The CM carbonaceous chondrites have distinctive 10-μm features that are attributed to layer lattice silicates. Members of both the CI and CR classes have spectra distinct from those of other carbonaceous chondrites. The LL, L, and H ordinary chondrites have spectra that match those of olivine and pyroxene mixtures. The enstatite chondrites and enstatite achondrites (aubrites) all exhibit spectra diagnostic of the pyroxene enstatite. The angrite, howardites, aucrites, nakhlites, shergottite, and diogenite all have similar spectra also dominated by pyroxene. The single mesosiderite examined had a spectrum distinct from all the other meteorites.