Summary This report examines the effect of decreasing serum osmolality on movement into the ventricular system of fluid and of test material injected into the brain. Trace quantities of 22NaCl and 125I-labeled cat serum albumin (CSA) were injected into cerebral white matter of cats. The rates of cerebrospinal fluid volume flow, and appearance of 22Na and 125I-CSA were measured in the effluent fluid using ventriculocisternal perfusion before and while serum osmolality was acutely decreased by the intravenous infusion of a 60 mOsm sucrose solution. As compared to the control period, at the end of the infusion serum osmolality decreased from321 ± 4.2 mOsm to283 ± 4.0 mOsm and CSF volume flow increased from21.8 ± 2.3 μl/min to54.9 ±4.1 μl/rin (means±S.E.). The slope of the regression line describing 22Na influx went from 1.04 to 1.79, while for 125I the slope went from 0 to 1.38. These results suggest that a common pathway may exist for the movement, through the brain and into the ventricular system, of water, ions and large molecules.