This paper is a balance of the Peruvian economic policies, taken by government in the last decade. We focus on determining, based on the available literature, whether or not this polices have improved the economic well-being of poor people. Furthermore, this balance allows us to give the agenda for future research on these areas, as well as to shed some light about the pro-poor necessary policies. There are several policies that have been taken into account in this balance. Macroeconomic policies; trade and investment policies; specific sector promotion policies (agriculture, industry and mining sector); labor (both formal and informal), capital and land markets; regulation of goods and services markets (telecommunications and electricity); taxation policies; public expenditure; security and risk management mechanisms and, finally, regional policies.