Sovereign excesses in the twentieth century resulted in the murder of approximately 170,000,000 persons by their sovereign. This statistic, a potent testimony of sovereign excesses through gross and systematic human rights violations firmly places human rights and humanitarian problems on the international plane. This reality (identified and articulated in the Report of the Secretary General’s High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change) firmly places human rights problems on the international plane and mandates a fundamental rethinking about the basis of sovereignty’s political and associational organization in the new millennium. This Article has as its modest aim an examination and analysis of the role of the development of human rights and humanitarian norms in reshaping the content and contour of Westphalian sovereignty. In particular it seeks to espouse paradigms based on the impact of human rights and humanitarian norms through which sovereignty should be viewed and understood in contemporary times.