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Clinico-epidemiological and Socio-behavioral Study of People Living with HIV/AIDS

Authors
Journal
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
0253-7176
Publisher
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.70523
Keywords
  • Original Article
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Economics
  • Medicine
  • Political Science

Abstract

Although India is in the grip of HIV/AIDS epidemic, not much information is available on clinico-epidemiological and socio-behavioral aspects of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study analyzed these features using standard methodologies in 82 HIV sero-positives, AIDS patients attending ART clinic of three major government hospitals of Delhi. Majority of the patients (73%) were found to be young (<40 years) and married (79%). As high as 91.5% came from low socio-economic class and more than 95% acquired HIV transmission through heterosexual routes. A large proportion (63%) of these patients reported an extremely high level of anxiety, moderate level of stress and a borderline level of clinical depression. While most of the patients (72%) were well-adjusted with the ART, the rest of the patients reported difference in making adjustment with the treatment schedules. The study suggests that counseling and supportive therapy could play a pivotal role in controlling anxiety, stress, depression and rehabilitating people with HIV/AIDS.

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