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Solvent effects on reactions of singlet molecular oxygen, O-2((1)triangle(g)), with antimalarial drugs

Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotochem.2004.05.016
  • Antimalarial Drugs
  • Singlet Oxygen
  • Solvent Effect
  • Lser
  • Time-Resolved Kinetics


Detection of O2(1 g) emission, λmax = 1270 nm, following laser excitation and steady-state methods were employed to measure total reaction rate constants, kT, for the reaction between singlet oxygen and the antimalarial drugs quinine (QU), quinacrine (QC), chloroquine (CQ) and amodiaquine (AQ) in several solvents. Values for kT range from 0.45 ± 0.03 × 107M−1 s−1 for AQ in benzene to 25.1 ± 0.88 × 107M−1 s−1 for CQ in N,N-dimethylformamide. Analysis of solvent effect on kT for QU, QC, and CQ by using the LSER formalism indicates that singlet oxygen deactivation by these drugs is accelerated by solvents with large π∗ values and hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA) properties and is inhibited by hydrogen bond donors (HBD) solvents. This result support the formation of an exciplex intermediate of charge transfer character, as proposed for reactions of tertiary amines with singlet oxygen, process largely governed by physical quenching. AQ behaves in a different manner. The LSER equation for this drug shows that kT increases in solvents with large π∗ values and diminishes in HBD solvents. In this case, reaction mechanism probably involves a partially concerted cycloaddition of singlet oxygen to the aminophenolic ring in position 4.

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