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Effect of electrical stimulation of the dorsal nucleus of the vagus nerve on gastric acid secretion in cats

Experimental Neurology
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0014-4886(79)90101-8


Abstract Electrical stimulation of 3 to 9 V, 100 impules/s 1-ms duration/impulse, applied to the right or left dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DNV) produced a significant increase in volume, acidity, and gastric acid output in 14 cats under sodium pentobarbital anesthesia. The increase in acid output occurred during the first 15 min of stimulation or immediately after the stimulation and in some cats lasted for the next 30 min to more than 2 h. In no case did the stimulation within the DNV evoke a decrease in gastric acid secretion. Similar electrical stimulation in sites outside the DNV had no effect on gastric acid secretion. Motor effects such as opening of the mouth, movements of the tongue and whiskers, and salivation were observed to occur randomly during stimulation at sites both inside and outside the DNV zone and were not correlated with changes in gastric acid secretion. After recovery from the acute experiment, two cats were tested under chronic conditions. Electrical stimulation with low voltage applied to the previously effective electrode tips repeatedly produced an increase in the volume of secretion in one cat and an increase in both volume and acidity of secretion in the other cat. This study provided further evidence that the DNV is a secretomotor center.

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