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Outcome of pregnancy with severe liver disease

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics
0020-7292
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
76
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0020-7292(01)00562-8
Keywords
  • Severe Liver Disease
  • Hellp Syndrome
  • Hepatitis
  • Acute Fatty Liver
  • Intensive Care
  • Developing Countries
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Education
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Objectives: To study the incidence, presentation, and outcome of patients with severe liver disease in an urban Indian population. Method: 26 patients with severe liver disease were identified in the study period of one year at a teaching tertiary care institute in Mumbai. Investigations included bedside Bleeding and Clotting Time (BT/CT), coagulation profiles and liver and renal function tests. Management was directed towards initial stabilization followed by early delivery in an intensive care setting. Result: 80.71% of the patients had HELLP (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelets) syndrome. The remaining were cases of acute fulminant hepatitis and acute fatty liver of pregnancy. The most consistent finding was thrombocytopenia (88.46%). Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy (DIC) was the most common complication (65%). BT/CT were 100% sensitive for the diagnosis of DIC. Maternal and perinatal mortality were 42.3% and 61.5% respectively. Conclusion: Intensive care facilities and an early diagnosis are essential for the management of mothers with severe liver disease. Prognosis is poor for patients with fulminant hepatitis and acute fatty liver. Screening for DIC is a must. Delay in recovery of biochemical parameters may indicate atypical disease. Patient education is essential at discharge.

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