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Early development of an energy recovery wind turbine generator for exhaust air system

Authors
Journal
Applied Energy
0306-2619
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
112
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.01.042
Keywords
  • Building Integrated Wind Turbine
  • Exhaust Air System
  • Energy Savings
  • Clean Energy
  • Power Augmentation
  • Urban Wind Energy
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract An innovative idea on extracting clean energy from man-made wind resources with micro wind turbine system for power generation is introduced in this paper. This system generates on-site clean energy using a micro wind generation system. A vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) with an enclosure is mounted above a cooling tower’s exhaust fan to harness the wind energy for producing electricity. The VAWT is positioned at a specific position at the cooling tower outlet to avoid a negative impact on the performance of the cooling tower. The enclosure can act as a safety cover and also enhance the performance of the VAWT. It is designed with several guide-vanes positioned at the up-stream side of the wind turbine to create a venturi effect and guide the wind before it interacts with the turbine blades. Moreover, the enclosure design is comprised of diffuser-plates that can draw more wind and accelerate the flow. Laboratory test conducted on a scaled model shows no measurable difference in the air intake speed and current consumption of the power-driven fan when the turbine was spinning above the cooling tower. Field test on an actual induced-draft cooling tower shows no significant difference on the outlet air speed of the cooling tower. A small difference was observed on the power consumption by the fan motor which is 0.39% higher with the presence of the VAWT. This system is retrofit-able to existing cooling towers and has very high market potential due to abundant cooling towers and other unnatural exhaust air resources globally.

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