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Acute childhood exanthems

Authors
Journal
Medicine
1357-3039
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
37
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.mpmed.2009.09.002
Keywords
  • Erythema Infectiosum
  • Exanthem
  • Measles
  • Rash
  • Roseola
  • Rubella
  • Varicella
  • Virus
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Exanthems are skin rashes that in childhood are most commonly caused by viruses. Measles, rubella, varicella, erythema infectiosum, papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome, roseola infantum, hand, foot and mouth disease, Gianotti–Crosti syndrome, unilateral laterothoracic exanthem and pityriasis rosea are discussed. Transmission, infectivity, prodrome, clinical presentation, complications and treatment are included. Although it is often difficult to identify the specific virus, polymerase chain reaction has improved diagnostic accuracy, which is particularly important in immunocompromised individuals and pregnant women. Alternative diagnoses include bacterial and non-infectious causes.

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