Abstract Engine exhaust hydrocarbon emissions have been investigated for different lubricating oils, using gasoline as fuel. Six samples of lubricants have been tested: synthetic SAE 5W30 and SAE 5W40, semi-synthetic SAE 15W40 and SAE 20W50, and mineral SAE 15W40 and SAE 20W50. Experiments were carried out in a production engine mounted on a bench test dynamometer, varying engine load and speed in the range from 1500 to 6000 rev/min. The results demonstrate the influence of lubricant viscosity and base oil on hydrocarbon emissions. The synthetic oils showed the lowest hydrocarbon emission levels, especially in the low engine speed range.