Abstract An improved high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for unsaturated disaccharides prepared from hyaluronic acid and various chondroitin sulphate and dermatan sulphate isomers was developed, which involves an ion-exchange resin prepared from a sulphonated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer. The retention times of the individual unsaturated disaccharides were unique and reproducible, the disaccharides appearing in the following order: unsaturated non-sulphated disaccharide derived from hyaluronic acid, then unsaturated 6-sulphated, non-sulphated and 4-sulphated disaccharides from chondroitin sulphate isomers. Unsaturated disulphated siaccharide G had a much shorter retention time than the unsaturated non-sulphated disaccharide derived from hyaluronic acid. The contents of these individual unsaturated disaccharides could be determined with similar sensitivities on the basis of their ultraviolet absorbance. Selective and unique retention times and good resolutions were found for various unsaturated disulphated and trisulphated disaccharides. The proposed method can be used to determine various chondroitin sulphate and dermatan sulphate isomers in addition to hyaluronic acid in amounts as small as 100 ng to 8 μg. The practicality of this method was verified by its application to the separation and determination of the different types of chrondroitin sulphate and dermatan sulphate isomers derived from human arteries in the presence of appreciable amounts of hyaluronic acid.