Abstract Rat diaphragm fibers were equilibrated for several hours in 150 mM KCl; when they were returned to 5 mM KCl the resting potential went back to its original level with a half time of 17 min. This repolarization was blocked by 5 mM BaCl 2, a blocker of the inward rectifier K channel. On the other hand, 0.1 mM apamin and 0.02 mM glibenclamide which block the Ca-dependent and ATP sensitive K channels, respectively, and 0.1 mM 9-AC a blocker of the Cl channel did not affect the repolarization. 5 mM barium decreased the K conductance measured under current-clamp conditions in diaphragm muscle fibers. The possible role of the inward rectifier system in the repolarization following return to normal [K] 0 is discussed.