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Competitive and noncompetitive NMDA antagonists block sensitization to methamphetamine

Authors
Journal
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
0091-3057
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
48
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0091-3057(94)90318-2
Keywords
  • Methamphetamine
  • Behavioral Sensitization
  • N- Methyl- D-Aspartate
  • Mk-801
  • D-Cpp-Ene Glutamate
  • Tolerance

Abstract

Abstract The present study examined the effects of both competitive (D-CPP-ene) and noncompetitive (MK-801) NMDA antagonists on behavioral sensitization to methamphetamine (MA). Behavioral effects of repeated administration of NMDA antagonists were also examined. Rats treated with MA according to an escalating dose schedule (2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10.0 mg/kg, SC, twice a day on days 1, 3, 5, and 7, respectively) indicated behavioral supersensitivity. Pretreatment with either MK-801 (0.5 mg/kg, IP) or D-CPP-ene (20 mg/kg, IP) prior to MA administration prevented the development of the supersensitivity. Rats treated with MK-801 showed a decrease in the motor activity when subsequently challenged with MK-801 compared with saline-treated rats. Likewise, rats administered with D-CPP-ene showed decreased motor activity when challenged with D-CPP-ene. There was no cross-sensitization nor tolerance between MA and MK-801 or D-CPP-ene. These results suggest that both competitive and noncompetitive NMDA antagonists block sensitization to MA and that repeated administration with NMDA antagonists results in behavioral tolerance.

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