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Factors influencing the life cycle burdens of the recovery of energy from residual municipal waste

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  • Ecology
  • Geography


A life cycle assessment was carried out to assess the environmental impacts and benefits of incinerating non-recyclable municipal waste. The results demonstrate that incineration has significant advantages over landfill. To maximise these benefits for a given waste composition, the energy generation stage of the process should be as efficient as possible and materials, particularly aluminium, should be reclaimed from the residues. The overall environmental benefits/burdens of EfW also strongly depend on the source of the power displaced by the EfW.

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