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Injection drug use and despair through the lens of gender

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  • Commentary
  • Medicine
  • Psychology


Title of Fact Sheet HERE 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Women Mechanisms Exposure to IPV can increase women’s risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection through What We Know about IPV and HIV in Women • Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes physical violence, sexual violence, threats of physical or sexual violence, stalking and psychological aggression (including coercive tactics) by a current or former intimate partner.1 • Findings from the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) indicate that 35.6% of women in the United States have experienced rape, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner in their lifetime, and 5.9% or 6.9 million women experienced these forms of violence in the year prior to the survey.2 • In addition, 1 in 5 women have experienced an attempted, completed, or alcohol-drug facilitated rape (defined as a physically forced or threatened vaginal, oral, and/or anal penetration) in their lifetime, mostly by a current or former partner. • Approximately 80% of female victims of rape experienced their first rape before the age of 25.2 • Nearly 1 in 2 women have experienced other forms of sexual violence in their lifetime (e.g., sexual coercion, unwanted sexual contact).2 • Over 1.1 million people in the United States are estimated to be living with HIV and nearly 1 in 5 is unaware of their infection.3,4 • Approximately 50,000 Americans become infected with HIV each year.3 • Women and adolescent girls accounted for 20% of new HIV infections in the United States in 20103 and represented approximately 21% of HIV diagnoses among adults and adolescents in 2011.4 • African Americans bear the greatest burden of HIV among women; Hispanic women are disproportionately affected. Of new infections in 2010, 64% occurred in blacks, 18% were in whites, and 15% were in Hispanics/Latinas.3 The rate of new infections a

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