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Evaluation of 15 Motility Media and a Direct Microscopic Method for Detection of Motility in Enterococci

American Society for Microbiology
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  • Bacteriology


Isolation of motile, vanC enterococci has yet to be a major infection control concern; however, rapid detection still is important. We evaluated 15 motility media from three manufacturers and a 2-h direct microscopic method for accurate detection of 89 enterococcal strains, including 72 vanC enterococcal strains. Resistance genes were confirmed by a multiplex PCR method with the vanC gene detected in all motile enterococci. Motility in the 72 vanC enterococci was detected at 30°C within 72 h in BD Biosciences motility nitrate medium and in Remel motility B medium, motility B medium supplemented with methyl-α-d-glucopyranoside (investigational), motility S medium, motility test medium, and motility test medium with tetrazolium indicator. Motility was also observed for all vanC enterococci with the 2-h direct (30°C incubation) microscopic detection method. All Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium isolates were observed to be nonmotile in all media and by the direct microscopic method. Since differences between the various motility media tested were observed, the medium used for detection of enterococcal motility must be selected carefully.

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