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Influence of lattice instability on the superconducting properties of “La3S4”

Authors
Journal
Solid State Communications
0038-1098
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
36
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0038-1098(80)90203-3
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract The normal state properties (the electronic specific heat constant, Debye temperature and electrical resistivity) and superconducting state properties [the superconducting transition temperature, T c, and the upper critical field at 0 K, H c 2 (0)] have been studied in the La 3S 4-La 2S 3 system. The superconducting properties and the electronic specific heat constant exhibit the maximum values in the alloy with the lowest sulfur content that does not undergo a low temperature crystallographic transformation. At lower sulfur contents the alloys exhibit a cubic to tetragonal transformation at ∼80 K with a serious degradation in their superconducting properties, especially H c 2 (0). These alloys clearly illustrate that materials which are almost but not quite unstable are good superconductors, relative to the more stable compositions.

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