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An experimental investigation into the CO2gasification of deactivated activated-carbon catalyst used for methane decomposition to produce hydrogen

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.10.072
  • Co2Gasification
  • Catalytic Methane Decomposition
  • Hydrogen Production
  • Activated Carbon
  • Characterization


Abstract A series of experiments was conducted to study the CO 2 gasification of a deactivated palm-shell-based activated-carbon (ACPS) catalyst used for the thermocatalytic decomposition of methane to produce hydrogen. This catalyst becomes deactivated due to the accumulation of carbon deposits during the methane-decomposition process. The CO 2 gasification was carried out at 850, 900, 950 or 1000 °C to study the deactivated ACPS, which was used at methane-decomposition temperatures of 850 or 950 °C. A series of six methane-decomposition cycles at 950 °C alternating with five gasification cycles using CO 2 at 900, 950 and 1000 °C was also carried out to evaluate the stability of the catalyst. The experiments were conducted using a thermobalance by monitoring the change in mass of the catalyst with time, i.e., the mass gain during methane decomposition or the mass loss during CO 2 gasification. Gasification of the virgin and deactivated ACPS showed strong temperature dependence, with the half and complete gasification times having an exponential dependence on temperature. The gasification reactivity at different conversions was higher for the virgin ACPS and increased with increases in the decomposition temperatures used for deactivation of the ACPS. The activation energies of virgin ACPS and ACPS deactivated at a decomposition temperature of 850 °C decreased with an increase in conversion, while they increased for the ACPS deactivated at a decomposition temperature of 950 °C; the activation energies varied between 81 and 163 kJ/mol. The gasification reactivity changed with methane conversion, showing maximum values for both the virgin and deactivated ACPS at a decomposition temperature of 950 °C. The initial gasification reactivity of the catalyst decreased after three gasification cycles at 1000 °C, while no significant change was observed with gasification cycles at 950 or 900 °C.

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