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Thymic Hyperplasia after Lung Transplantation Imitating Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder

Authors
Publisher
Case Reports in Transplantation
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Thymic hyperplasia is usually associated with the treatment of malignant tumours and is sometimes linked with endocrine diseases. For the first time, we report a case of thymic hyperplasia in a patient 2 years after bilateral lung transplantation. Contrast-enhanced chest CT scan was highly suspicious for a posttransplant lymphoma or thymoma. Therefore, the patient received total thymectomy. Excised specimens were sent to the Department of Pathology. Unexpectedly, the histological examination revealed hyperplastic thymic tissue without evidence for a posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder or malignancy.

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