This thesis tries to outline a development and diffusion of books of folk reading which, without doubt, presented inseparable part of Czech and Slovak verbal culture. This is confirmed by the fact that their topics are up to the present day a part of our literary tradition. Owing to books of folk reading and their extensive diffusion round the world various cultures could mutually enrich. We will focus on identical and different motives appearing in books of folk reading (especially used in modern editions by Bedrich Vaclavek and Jaroslav Kolar´s) and in Jan Werich´s story book called Fimfarum. Jan Werich in his fairytales used inspiration from folk tradition themes and because of him belonging to a very attractive and individual storyteller, folk themes turned into modern and common fairytales.