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Efficacy of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Acalculous Gallbladder Disease: Long-term Follow-up

Authors
Journal
JSLS Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
1086-8089
Publisher
The Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Scientific Papers
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Objective: Our aim was to determine the efficacy of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in symptomatic patients with ultrasound negative and abnormal gallbladder ejection fractions; Patients with gallbladder ejection fractions less than 35% on hepatobiliary scan were offered laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Between January 1995 and January 2001, 1564 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at our institution: 256 were confirmed to have acalculous gallbladder disease by pathology report and reconfirmation of abnormal hepatobiliary scan data. A 30-day postoperative follow-up was obtained by retrospective medical record review. For this study, we contacted all 256 patients by mail questionnaire and followed up on nonresponders with telephone interviews; we also reviewed hospital records to verify preoperative symptom patterns. The survey was completed by 154 patients (60%): 48 (31%) by mail and 106 (69%) by telephone interviews. The study included 115 (75%) female and 39 (25%) male patients, and the average age was 42 years (range, 13 to 95). All hepatobiliary laboratory parameters were normal pre- and postoperatively. The survey was completed in December 2001, 1 to 5 years postoperatively (mean 3years). Results: Preoperatively, 142 patients (92%) had right upper quadrant pain, 114 (74%) had nausea, 88 (57%) had vomiting, 120 (73%) had heartburn, and 118 (77%) had food intolerance. In a 30-day postoperative period, these numbers had reduced to 48 (37%), 14 (9%), 8 (5%), 22 (14%), and 34 (22%), respectively. The patient responses documented for this survey (mean 3 years postoperatively) were as follows: 93% had no recurrence of symptoms, 96% were satisfied that they had laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and 95% stated that they would recommend laparoscopic cholecystectomy to other patients. Conclusion: This study shows that patients with acalculous gallbladder disease benefit from laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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