Affordable Access

Natural rate of unemployment and efficiency : a dynamic analysis with flexible prices and increasing returns.

Authors
Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

We present a continuous time non-tatonnement process for frictionless and perfectly competitive markets with (possibly non-convex) production, where the natural rate of unemployment (NRU) emerges as the asymptotic value of unemployment. Consumers and producers are myopic and repeatedly participate in Mertens' (2003) limit-price mechanism. We show that underemployment and unsold inventories can survive along the solution paths of our dynamics - the hallmark of the failure of Say's law. The following paradox then appears : a non zero NRU is compatible with Pareto-optimality and conversely, full employment is compatible with sub-optimality. Nevertheless, contrary to the usual wisdom of job searching models, we show that a non-zero NRU is not necessary in order to get convergence towards an efficient rest-point. Indeed, each trade-and-production path of our price-quantity dynamics converges to some infinitesimal Pareto optimal point provided there are no unsold inventories at the limit.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.