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Comparative analysis of strawberry total phenolics via Fast Blue BB vs. Folin–Ciocalteu: Assay interference by ascorbic acid

Authors
Journal
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
0889-1575
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
27
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2012.05.003
Keywords
  • Strawberries (Fragaria X Ananassa Duch.)
  • Diazonium
  • Hplc
  • Food Analysis
  • Food Composition
  • Assay For Total Phenolics
  • Bioactive Non-Nutrients
  • Fructose
  • Glucose
  • Sucrose

Abstract

Abstract Unblemished fully ripe fruit from five day-neutral strawberry cultivars were harvested on two separate dates and evaluated for ascorbic acid (AsA), fruit sugars, and phenolic composition. Individual phenolics were determined by HPLC, and total phenolics by Folin–Ciocalteu (F–C) and by a ‘new’ assay: Fast Blue BB (FBBB), which detects phenolics directly. FBBB reported an average 2.9-fold greater concentration of total phenolics than F–C, had a significant correlation (r=0.80; P=0.001) with total phenolics via HPLC and did not interact with AsA or sugars, whereas F–C, an indirect detection assay for total phenolics, appeared to under-report total phenolic concentrations, had no significant correlation (r=0.20) with total phenolics via HPLC or with sugars, but had a significant correlation (r=0.64; P=0.05) with total AsA. Results from this study indicated that previous studies of strawberry fruit, using the standard indirect F–C assay, have greatly underestimated the total phenolics content and that this assay should be replaced in future studies by the FBBB assay.

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