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Elderly support in rural and suburban villages: Implications for future support system in China

Authors
Journal
Social Science & Medicine
0277-9536
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
39
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0277-9536(94)90335-2
Keywords
  • Chinese Elderly
  • Social Support
  • Elderly Care
Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

Abstract This study compares current elderly support between rural and suburban elderly, drawn from a 1987 and 1989 cluster sample involving 6 Chinese villages purposely selected to reflect geographic variations and different standards of living. The results of the study indicate that social support for the elderly through pension and subsidy is improving, particularly in suburban villages where there is greater level of economic development and there are increasingly more industrial enterprises. The current pension or subsidy status is mainly a function of the presence of well-developed economy (as represented by our proxy variables RURALITY, and PRIORJOB). In terms of family support, our study shows it serves largely as a substitute for social support. Elderly not receiving pension support are more likely to recieve monetary support from their children. The implications of these findings are analyzed in the context of the socioeconomic and demographic transitions in China and alternative solutions to elder support are discussed.

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