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The metabolism of 9-chloro-β-lapachone and its effects in isolated hepatocytes. The involvement of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1)

Chemico-Biological Interactions
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2012.09.011
  • O-Naphthoquinones
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Nqo1


Abstract A β-lapachone analogue (3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-9-chloro-2H-naphtho[1,2b]pyran-5,6-dione) (9-chloro β-lapachone), named CGQ, with antitumoral, antiviral and antitrypanocidal activities was assayed for cytotoxic effects on isolated rat hepatocytes. The incubation of hepatocytes with this o-naphthoquinone showed (a) decreased adenylate energy charge, as a result of a decrease in ATP, and an increase in AMP levels; (b) increased NADP+ content, with a concomitant decrease of NADPH, NADH and NAD+ content; (c) decreased GSH content, accompanied by an increase in GSSG formation; (d) stimulated oxygen uptake as well as increased superoxide anion production and hydrogen peroxide formation; (e) inhibited lipid peroxidation; (f) hepatocyte viability was not reduced unless the NQO1 inhibitor dicoumarol was present. We hypothesize that the cytotoxicity of CGQ in dicoumarol-treated hepatocytes was the result of inhibition of the NQO1 detoxification pathway, thus allowing more quinone to be metabolized towards the one-electron pathway to form reactive semiquinones and/or reactive oxygen species. The results obtained indicate a protective role of NQO1 in preventing CGQ cytotoxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes.

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