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Developing a database for emergency evacuation model

Authors
Journal
Building and Environment
0360-1323
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
44
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.11.008
Keywords
  • Performance-Based Design
  • Evacuation
  • Database
  • Software
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Engineering

Abstract

Abstract Performance-based design (PBD) has been playing an important function in fire safety of buildings, and how to accurately simulate occupants’ behavior gains attention from fire engineers. With booming development of evacuation software, developing an extensive database for evacuation models is imperative and urgent. According to the literature, the whole process of evacuation includes several stages, such as pre-movement, action period, walking period, etc. In order to develop an evacuation model, data in these stages concerning pre-movement time, walking speed, occupant characteristics, actions and exit choice decisions are compiled in this paper. These data can be used as input parameters for evacuation models in PBD or in validating the evacuation models’ accuracy.

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