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Industrial Application of Artificially Induced Diploid Strains of Torulaspora delbrueckii

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  • Physiology And Biotechnology


Diploid strains of Torulaspora delbrueckii were tested for industrial application. Because the cell volume of the diploid strain was three times as large as that of the parental haploid strain, collection and subsequent dehydration to make compressed yeast cakes were greatly improved with the diploid YL3. The time required for dehydration of the diploid strain was shortened to 1/2.5 that of the parent strain under conventional conditions. Moreover, for the diploid cells frequent filter changes for dehydration were not required, which was the case with parental cells. Fermentation activity and tolerance to freeze-thawing in dough were succesfully inherited by the diploid strains. The diploid YL3 showed nearly the same activity as the diploid F31 in bread making. However, the endurance period of yeast cakes when stored at 30°C without softening to lead to liquefaction was much longer in YL3 (199 h) than in F31 (132 h). This superiority was ascribed to the fact that YL3 was induced through direct diploidization and had no genetic defect on chromosomes because the wild-type strain was employed as the parent, whereas F31 was obtained through protoplast fusion from two auxotrophic mutants and carried at least two mutagenized genes that were masked by heterolallelism.

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