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Progress in the enzyme diagnosis of liver disease: Reality or illusion?

Authors
Journal
Clinical Biochemistry
0009-9120
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
23
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0009-9120(90)90085-9
Keywords
  • New Enzyme Test In Diagnosis
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

This paper discusses the progress of enzyme diagnosis by different examples. These include: the requirement for improved enzymological screening, despite the introduction of a test for hepatitis C; the imbalance between the popularity of “unexplained chronic aminotransferase elevations” and efforts to solve the inherent problems; the inadequate attempts to use the metabolic changes in the hepatocytes to improve diagnosis, prognosis, and pathophysiological understanding of viral liver diseases; the remarkable investigations into the 2′-5′-oligoadenylate synthetase for better control of interferon therapy in chronic viral hepatitis; the use of enzymes as markers of etiology, particularly for the detection of alcohol induced liver diseases; the continuing preference for the aminotransferases in this scenario although the ratios of aspartate aminotransferase over alanine aminotransferase, or of mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase over total aspartate aminotransferase activity, largely depend on the severity and intralobular localization of damage and the stage of the liver disease.

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