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Daniel Patrick Moynihan (1998). Secrecy: The American Experience.

St. George Association
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12BooksReviews.qxd 215 Book Reviews A.B. Carter, W.J. Perry Ashton B. Carter, William J. Perry (1999). Preventive Defense: A New Security Strategy for America. Washington: Brookings Institution Press. pp. 243. ISBN 0-8157-1308-8 The United States of America is found- ing its national security and military strate- gies on three groups of activities, called preparing, shaping and responding. Responding capability refers to current readiness of the armed forces to engage and successfully annihilate open threats to national security. That readiness was assessed during the nineties according to the military capability in successfully waging and winning two almost simultaneous major theater wars, like the one in Korea and in The Gulf. The preparing aspect of the strat- egy refers to modernization, restructuring and continuous adaptations of the national security system, in order to maintain its high readiness and effectiveness against possible future challenges. The development, acqui- sition and exploitation cycle for major weapon systems lasts for twenty to thirty or more years. That is only one of the many reasons why today’s decisions have far- reaching consequences for the capabilities of the armed forces in the next decades. Environment shaping, sometimes called luck management, is also a way to prepare for the future. It consists of active engage- ment in world affairs to prevent the devel- opment of new major threats to American and international security. With the fall of the Berlin Wall the only threat from the ’A-list’ disappeared. The ’A- list’ contains the most dangerous threats to the existence of the USA and Western world. The former Soviet Union had the capability to destroy Western values and Western order, but such an enemy to the West no longer exists. The major part of US defense planning is now directed towards maintaining the capability to wage two major theater wars. Such regional contin- gencies might endanger American interests and security, but would not que

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