Abstract Oral and maxillofacial radiology is a dynamic and multifaceted discipline that plays a critical role in patient care, the education of general dentists and dental specialists, and the academic health of the dental school. Diagnostic and treatment advances in temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), implants, trauma and orthognathic surgery, and craniofacial abnormalities depend heavily on conventional and advanced imaging techniques. Oral and maxillofacial radiology contributes to the education of pre- and post-doctoral dental students with respect to biomedical and clinical knowledge, cognitive and psychomotor skills, and the professional and ethical values necessary to properly prescribe, obtain, and interpret radiographs. The development of an active and successful oral and maxillofacial radiology department, division, or section requires the committment of institutional resources. This document may serve as a guide to dental schools committed to excellence in oral and maxillofacial radiology.