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DISTRIBUSI VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DAERAH PERKOTAAN DAN PERDESAAN DI KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA

Authors
Publisher
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Dhf Vector
  • Urban
  • Rural
  • Immunocytochemistry

Abstract

Abstract Banjarnegara district is a new endemic dengue area which reported increased of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) incidence rate 29.38/100.000 population in 2009 to 47.71/100.000 population in 2010. The objective of this study was to determine the vector of DHF, to describe the distribution of DHF vectors in urban and rural area, to describe the biological environment and distribution of DHF vectors based on land use. This research method was descriptive. The study was conducted in urban and rural area in Banjarnegara district in April to October 2012. Samples were collected from a survey of larvae and adult mosquitoes within the radius of 100 meters of new DHF cases reported in April-September 2012. Dengue virus examination by immunocytochemistry method. Results of this research showed that infection rate of Aedes aegypti in urban areas 11,9%, while infection rate of Ae. albopictus in rural areas (17.4%). Houseplants more found in urban areas (88.9%), while garden plants found more in rural areas (69.4%). As conclusion, Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus as a vector of DHF in Banjarnegara district. Aedes aegypti more in urban areas in human environments with dominant houseplants. Aedes albopictus more in rural areas in human environments which surrounded by garden with dominant garden plants. Key words : DHF vector , urban, rural, immunocytochemistry Abstrak Submit : 21-01-2013 Review : 29-01-2013 Review : 04-02-2013 revisi : 19–02-2013 Kabupaten Banjarnegara merupakan salah satu wilayah endemis baru Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) dengan peningkatan incidence rate (IR) 29.38/100.000 penduduk pada tahun 2009 menjadi 47,71/100.000 penduduk pada tahun 2010. Tujuan penelitian untuk menentukan vektor DBD, mendeskripsikan distribusi vektor DBD di perkotaan dan perdesaan, mendeskripsikan kondisi lingkungan biologi dan distribusi vektor DBD berdasarkan tata guna lahan. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif. Penelitian dilakukan di perkotaan dan perdesaan di Kabupaten Banjarnegara bulan April-Oktober 2012. Sampel nyamuk dari survei larva dan nyamuk dewasa dalam radius 100 meter dari tempat tinggal kasus DBD baru bulan April-September 2012. Pemeriksaan virus Dengue pada nyamuk dengan metode imunositokimia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa infection rate Aedes aegypti di perkotaan sebesar 11,9%, infection rate Ae. albopictus di perdesaan sebesar 17,4%. Tanaman hias lebih dominan di perkotaan (88,9%), tanaman pekarangan lebih dominan di perdesaan (69,4%). Aedes aegypti dan Ae. albopictus merupakan vektor DBD di Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Aedes aegypti lebih banyak ditemukan di perkotaan pada areal permukiman dimana keberadaan tanaman hias lebih dominan. Aedes albopictus lebih banyak ditemukan di perdesaan pada areal permukiman yang dikelilingi kebun dimana keberadaan tanaman pekarangan lebih dominan. Kata kunci : vektor DBD, perkotaan, perdesaan, imunositokimia

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