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Myosin and actomyosin from human skeletal muscle

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(76)90143-2
  • Biology


Abstract Human skeletal natural actomyosin contained actin, tropomyosin, troponin and myosin components as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate. Purified human myosin contained at least three light chains having molecular weights (±2000) of 25 000, 18 000 and 15 000. Inhibitory and calcium binding components of troponin were identified in an actin-tropomyosin-troponin complex extracted from acetone-dried muscle powder at 37°C. Activation of the Mg-ATPase activity of Ca 2+-sensitive human natural or reconstituted actomyosin was half maximal at approximately 3.4 μM Ca 2+ concentration (CaEGTA binding constant = 4.4 · 10 5 at pH 6.8). Subfragment 1, isolated from the human heavy meromyosin by digestion with papain, appeared as a single peak after DEAE-cellulose chromatography. In the pH 6–9 range, the Ca 2+-ATPase activity of the subfragment 1 was 1.8-and 4-fold higher that the original heavy meromyosin and myosin, respectively. The ATPase activities of human myosin and its fragments were 6–10 fold lower than those of corresponding proteins from rabbit fast skeletal muscle. Human myosin lost approximately 60% of the Ca 2+-ATPase activity at pH 9 without a concomitant change in the number of distribution of its light chains. These findings indicate that human skeletal muscle myosin resembles other slow and fast mammalian muscles. Regulation of human skeletal actomyosin by Ca 2+ is similar to that of rabbit fast or slow muscle

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