Abstract A review of the existing methods of describing the shape of a cylinder bore surface profile amplitude distribution was presented. The relationship between conventional and proposed parameters was studied using the principal components method and correlation and regression analyses. As the result of the analyses, combinations of uncorrelated parameters containing a great deal of information about the profile were selected. It was found that they were the most useful for a machined surface profile roughness description in comparison with currently applied parameters, with respect to differentiating between manufacturing processes. The attempt at a classification of the engineering honing processes of cylinders was made. It was found that the proposed division ensured the cylinder surface topography differentiation.