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Two enzyme active transport in vitro with ph induced asymmetrical functional structures:I. The model and its analytical treatment

Authors
Journal
Biophysical Chemistry
0301-4622
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
12
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0301-4622(80)80043-3
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract A class of systems is characterized by the asymmetrical distribution of a sink and a source reaction, the asymmetry of the global chemical equation (energy liberation) and by an asymmetrical one-wave space profile. These systems belong to the family of primary chemical cells and can deplete and enrich the media they separate. A “ one way ” transport-reaction chain is needed for specific “ real ” active transport. A two enzyme model of this class is described in which the spatial asymmetry is due to a (diffusive) pH gradient; this distribution of “ potential ” enzyme activities is called the “ functional structure ”. Equal potential enzyme activities and absence of reactive back action on local pH are assumed in the “ square model ” version of the pump. Analytical expressions of the enzymatic diffusion reactions are derived for zero and first order kinetics, i.e. in function of substrate concentrations. Tables of equations are presented. The intrinsic properties of the pump are characterized by (dimensionless) transport reaction parameters, (membrane composition); the “ potential ” activity is controlled by the pH gradient; the “ effective ” pumping is also a function of the substrate concentrations on the boundaries.

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