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Pausing in simian virus 40 DNA replication by a sequence containing (dG-dA)27.(dT-dC)27.

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A 200 bp sequence including a stretch of 54 base pairs of alternating guanosine and adenosine nucleotide residues [(dG-dA)27.(dT-dC)27] was cloned in the simian virus 40 (SV40) genome between the KpnI and HpaII sites. This sequence was discovered earlier as part of a region limiting the amplification of sequences adjacent to an integrated polyoma virus in a transformed rat cell line. The newly constructed DNA was transfected into African Green monkey kidney CV1 cells and the variant virus was isolated by plaque-purification. The insertion was stably maintained and the variant virus grew more slowly than the wild type, had lower titers and gave smaller plaques. In mixed infection experiments, the variant was found to be stable, though the wild type replicated more rapidly. Pulse labeling experiments indicated that the unusual inserted sequence acts as a pause site for fork progression during DNA replication, as evidenced by the rate of incorporation of radioactively labeled nucleotides into various regions of the SV40 genome. Statistical fit of the experimental curves with theoretically generated curves suggested the pause of fork progression to be about one minute.

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