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Strains of the Heterotrophic FlagellateBodo designisfrom Different Environments Vary Considerably with Respect to Salinity Preference and SSU rRNA Gene Composition

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier GmbH
Publication Date
Volume
156
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2004.12.001
Keywords
  • Bodo Designis
  • Growth Rates
  • Maximum Parsimony
  • Bayesian Analysis
  • Phylogeny
  • Salinity
  • Ssu Rrna Gene
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Design
  • Ecology

Abstract

The morpho species Bodo designis is widespread and abundant globally in highly contrasting terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Whether the forms of Bodo designis from contrasting environments are conspecific, i.e. largely genetically identical, or whether they merely share the external morphology is presently not known. We examined the ability of different strains of Bodo designis isolated from different environments at different geographical sites to survive and grow at a salinity range of 0.5–45‰. The Bodo designis strains from marine, freshwater, and terrestrial environments showed a different ability to cope with altered physiological conditions. Most of the tested strains were only able to tolerate a small salinity range, whereas others were able to withstand all tested salinity levels. We further examined the phylogenetic relationship between the different strains by sequencing the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene. The resulting phylogenetic analyses suggest a huge genetic variation within Bodo designis, and also imply that Dimastigella and Rhyncomonas are developed inside Bodo designis. If the biological species concept is used, the genetic differences as well as the physiological barriers between the different strains of Bodo designis, would suggest that they should be assigned to different species.

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