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Aversive and avoidant indecisiveness: Roles for regret proneness, maximization, and BIS/BAS sensitivities

Authors
Journal
Personality and Individual Differences
0191-8869
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
47
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.03.009
Keywords
  • Indecisiveness
  • Regret
  • Maximization
  • Bis/Bas
  • Decision-Making
  • Factor Analysis
Disciplines
  • Psychology

Abstract

Abstract Though indecisiveness is associated with several mental disorders and a range of problematic psychological outcomes in normal populations, it is still poorly understood. We distinguish two features of indecisiveness: (a) aversive, a generalized aversion for decisions that manifests as threat-oriented cognition and negative affect when making decisions, and (b) avoidant, a generalized motivation to avoid decisions and to experience difficulties making decisions. Using exploratory (Study 1) and confirmatory (Study 2) factor analyses, we show that the Indecisiveness Scale (Frost & Shows, 1993) possesses factors reflecting these two features. Moreover, we use correlation and regression to test hypotheses regarding the relationships among these components of indecisiveness and regret proneness, maximization, and BIS and BAS sensitivities. Results suggest the utility of distinguishing aversive from avoidant indecisiveness as well as characterizing stable attitudes towards decisions in terms of basic personality processes.

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